Ewing sarcoma affects children and is a cancerous bone tumor. This disease usually occurs during puberty when bones start to grow more quickly. Still, it can develop at any time during childhood and young adulthood. There are also rare cases where the disease will be found in adulthood.
The tumor usually starts in the long bones of the arms, legs, and pelvis, but it can begin anywhere in the body. After forming, the tumor usually spreads to the lungs and other bones. This spread is seen in one third of patients upon diagnosis. Symptoms include pain, swelling at the site of the tumor, and possible fever. The best treatment would be one consisting of chemotherapy plus surgery or radiation, all delivered at a center that usually gives this treatment.
Ewing sarcoma was first discovered by Dr. Ewing at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City in 1921. Every year there are 300 to 400 cases of Ewing sarcoma. Approximately two out of every three children diagnosed with the disease are between the ages of ten and twenty.
Only about one to two percent of all childhood tumors are Ewing sarcoma, which goes to explaining why it has been overlooked by many research institutions. Our mission is to make sure the few institutions that are studying the disease have enough funding to continue their research and hopefully to find a cure somewhere in the near future.
Sources: Pubmed Health, Memorial Sloan Kettering Ewing Sarcoma Information, Main Line Health